Retinal Conditions The retina is the part of the eye that translates what you see into information your brain can understand. When light enters the eye, the cornea and lens focus the image onto the retina, which lies at the back of the eye. Like film in a camera, the retina receives the projected image. This visual information is sent from the retina to the brain via the optic nerve.

Chander N. Samy, M.D., F.A.C.S. and Robert J. Kraut, M.D. are Ocala Eye's retina specialists. They provided care for eye problems and diseases such as:

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration The retina has many distinct areas that help process visual information. Located in the central area of the retina, the macula is considered to be the visual"sweet spot." The macula allows you to focus on someone's face, read a magazine article, or study a picture. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), in its wet form, involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina. Visual changes include:

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Macular Degeneration Treatment

Dr. Samy and Dr. Kraut will carefully monitor for the progression of macular degeneration. The type of treatment for wet macular degeneration depends on the location, size and other characteristics of the abnormal blood vessels. Possible therapies include:

Diabetic Retinopathy

If you have diabetes, your body struggles to maintain proper levels of blood glucose. High blood glucose levels can damage blood vessels in the retina and lead to diabetic retinopathy, which can include complications such as micro-aneurysms, abnormal vessel formation, vitreous hemorrhage, and optic nerve damage.

Early detection of diabetic retinopathy is the best protection against loss of vision. By maintaining normal blood glucose levels and controlling your diabetes, the risk of developing a vision problem is minimized.

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Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment

The best long term treatment is to successfully control all of the risk factors that are associated with diabetes including obesity, elevated blood glucose, and hypertension. Diabetic retinopathy progression can be minimized if it is diagnosed early in the disease process. Dr. Samy and Dr. Kraut have the latest treatment options at their disposal should surgical intervention be required.

Floaters and Flashes

When people reach middle age, the vitreous gel inside the eye may begin to clump together making small particles that appear to float across the field of vision. These"floaters" are more apparent when staring at light colored backgrounds such as a blue sky or white wall. Posterior vitreous detachment can cause a more rapid onset of floaters and is more common in people who have had a history of:

Flashes appear as flashing lights or lightning streaks as vitreous gel pulls on the retina. Flashes are more common as people age, but the increase in frequency of flashes should prompt you to see your Ocala Eye ophthalmologist. A sudden increase in flashes and/or floaters could indicate the presence of a retinal tear or retinal detachment. Prompt scheduling of an evaluation is very important in these situations.

Macular Holes

During the aging process, changes in the vitreous jelly can also induce a hole in the macula. Since the macula is responsible for producing the sharpest visual images, significant changes in vision can occur such as a dark spot or distortion in the central vision.

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Macular Hole Treatment

To learn more about eye care or to schedule your appointment, call 352.622.5183 or